3D TME-Aligned Assays for Small Molecule Immunotherapies
The Tumor Microenvironment (TME) has a key role in Solid Tumor Therapy Screening. Vivia’s ex vivo 3D TME-aligned model recapitulates original tumor microenvironment and promotes naïve behavior of tumor and immune cells, which are immunosuppressed.
Standard ex vivo assays for IO drugs use activations of T cells by e.g. CD3/CD28 dynabeads, but these activated T cells do not kill tumor cells and thus lack half of the IO reaction. Our assays activate autologous Tumor Infiltrated Lymphocytes (TILs) through incubation with bispecific antibodies that generate the IO reaction: activated TILs killing tumor cells. We evaluate the activity of different IO drugs such as IDO1 or A2A in these assays on both T cell activation and tumor killing. We can also retrieve cells from the 3D assay at the end of treatment, enabling mode of action characterization by Flow Cytometry and description of genomic basis of resistance.

IO Drugs A2A, IDO1, PD1, Have no Activity Alone on Patient Samples

Figure 1. Ovarian cancer sample with its own TILs E:T=1:2 (120 h incubation)

IO Assay with BsAb as Reagent for T cell Activation Correctly Captures Substantial IO Activity of A2A, IDO1, and PD1

Figure 2. Activity of IO Drugs: A2A, IDO1, PD1 on Ovarian Cancer Autologous TILs (E:T=1:2)

IO Drugs Shift the Tumor Killing vs Doublets T Cells-Tumor Cells

Figure 3. Tumor killing vs tumor-interacting T Cells show exponential curves, fitted to straight lines on log10 scale

To study IO effects we generate an IO assay were T cells becomes activated and kill tumor cells selectively

TME-Aligned 3D Model for Immune Oncology Effects